Enzymes – Exfoliation with No down-time or irritation
Enzymes are a very effective exfoliating ingredient used during professional skin treatments and at home. They are great for most skin types. After a treatment enzymes leave skin polished, refreshed, and glowing.
Experts agree enzymes are beneficial with just about any skin care regimen, including that of brilliant, healthy skin. Because of the effectiveness of enzymes there are certain conditions that can be greatly improved with the targeted use of enzymes. For dry skin enzymes exfoliate dead skin cells to soften texture and even tone. For acne-prone or problematic skin enzymes open blocked pores and help prevent the formation of whiteheads.
What are enzymes?
Enzymes are proteins that dissolve and breakdown dead skin cells and help to rebuild the skin at the same time. Enzyme exfoliation relies on the biological action rather than physical abrasion. This type of exfoliation is applied to the skin and then rinsed off. Many times enzymes are used in conjunction with heat or steam to increase benefits. Home care enzyme treatment masks typically are used 1-2 times a week for exfoliation.
Enzymes are for the most part not as aggressive as alpha hydroxy and beta acids. The most popular enzymes used in home care and professional treatments are papain, bromelain and pumpkin. Enzymes are sometimes used as a less aggressive alternative to chemical peels. Some fruit and vegetable enzymes also have naturally occurring antioxidants, vitamins and minerals and in some cases low-level AHAs.
Types of Enzymes and How They Work
Papain (aka Papaya)
The papaya flesh contains a proteolytic enzyme called papain, and unripe papaya contains the highest amount of papain. Papaya can be used for breakouts, dry skin, cellulite and premature aging. The Papain enzyme is derived from the leaves, seeds, skin and fruit of the Papaya. Papaya contains many vitamins and minerals that are said to provide many health benefits. Papain has become one of the most popular and important enzymes to help achieve beautiful skin. The powerful enzyme found in papaya is called peptin. Peptin is a digestive enzyme and when applied topically it helps to soften the skin giving it a radiant healthy glow. Other nourishing benefits of peptin include Vitamin A, C, E and carotenoids. These antioxidants also reduce inflammation of the skin. Peptin helps to exfoliate dead skin cells that cause clogged pores. Papain has also been shown to be helpful in evening the skin tone and lightening brown spots due to sun exposure.
Bromelain (aka Pineapple)
Bromelain enzyme is derived from pineapple. A Venezuelan chemist isolated the enzyme from the fruit in 1891 and was introduced as a therapeutic supplement in 1957. The Bromelain enzyme is taken from the stem and juice of the pineapple. When used topically Bromelain speeds healing and dissolves cross-linked collagen cells, reducing the appearance of wrinkles and uneven pigmentation. Bromelain has also been shown to reduce inflammation.
Pumpkin pulp is rich in enzymes, beta-carotene, amino acids and antioxidants. Pumpkin is a rich source of antioxidants & enzymes that act like alpha-hydroxy acids. Pumpkin contain more than 100 beneficial nutrients, which are used to help reverse the signs of aging. It detoxifies congested skin and banishes rough skin textures for an even, healthy appearance. Pumpkin has the highest percentage of vitamin A and beta carotene of all vegetable enzymes.
Enzymes are great for all skin types and gentle enough to use on sensitive skin types. Enzymes are a must have in the back bar cabinet.